Bordeaux First Growths
As a result of the 1855 Official Classification of Bordeaux Wine, four Châteaux were deemed to be of Premier Cru (First Growth), and therefore of the highest, quality: Haut Brion, Lafite, Latour and Margaux. In 1973 Mouton-Rothschild was elevated from Second Growth to First Growth status. All of the red wines that made it on the list came from the Médoc region (except for one – Château Haut Brion from the Graves) and the Right Bank was not classified.
In 1955 St Emilion was eventually classified and Ausone and Cheval Blanc, officially ranked Premiers Grands Crus Classés A, were given the highest possible ranking. To this day Pomerol remains unclassified but Pétrus and Le Pin are also unofficially referred to as First Growths.
Today the term “First Growth” is loosely used to include the five from the Left Bank plus the four from the Right Bank and, as a result of the 2012 Reclassification of St. Emilion, Angelus and Pavie can now be added to the list.